was born in New York City in 1923. He studied painting at the Art Students' League with Reginald Marsh and at the School of Fine Arts, Ohio State University, Columbus, later receiving BFA and MFA degrees from Ohio State University. Lichtenstein received an Honorary Doctorate degree from Ohio State University in 1987. During World War II he served with the US Army based in Europe. In the early 1950s Lichenstein began work in printmaking and worked as a graphic and engineering draftsman, window designer, and sheet metal designer and also began making woodcuts and etchings. Lichtenstein has taught at Ohio State University, the State University of New York at Oswego, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey and at the University of California, Irvine. His paintings, prints, ceramics and sculptures have been exhibited extensively both in the United States and abroad, in solo and in group shows. Since the 1950s Lichtenstein's work has been exhibited at the Leo Castelli and Castelli Graphics Galleries as well as at the Brooke Alexander, Mary Boone, Carlebach, Rosa Esman and Marilyn Pearl, Ferus, Fischer, Larry Gagosian, Judith Goldberg, James Goodman, Hamilton, John Heller, Blum Helman, Hirschl & Adler, Phyllis Kind, Pace, Getler Pall, Condon Riley, 65 Thompson Street, Holly Solomon, and Sperone Westwater Galleries; at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, School of Visual Arts Museum, Whitney Museum of American Art, Whitney Museum of American Art Downtown Gallery, Whitney Museum of American Art at Phillip Morris, Museum of Modern Art, Brooklyn Museum, Jewish Museum, and the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Many public and private institutions have commissioned works, among them the Family and Criminal Court Building in the Bronx. Lichtenstein's works are represented in most of the major museums and galleries of the world. A major Lichtenstein retrospective exhibition was held at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in 1993-94.